Annotated Bibliography

Annotated Bibliography

The questions shown here are questions that are directed towards a specific panel  on the AIDS Memorial Quilt that I decided to research on. The reason I asked these questions were to help analyze the subculture(s) embodied in my chosen quilt panel. These sources are what helped me conduct my descriptions on these panels. The bullet points located below are each an individual source I visited that helped me gather information on my subject.


Fela Kuti:

What do the colors of the African patterns represent on Fela Kuti’s panel?

  • Wayne. The Hidden Meanings of African Clothing., February 6, 2015.

The author gives brief descriptions of common beliefs and meaning of the colors in a basic African lifestyle and tradition. He also goes over the importance of the colors and how/why they are use to convey political messages and/or ones’ religious belief.

This article vaguely gave me the information I needed pertaining to my question but I searched for a more specific answer because of the nationality of the person I was writing about.


  • International Color Guide – Nigeria.,2018.

I’m not really sure who the author was or what year this page was actually published but I did find the information helpful. It was short, to the point, organized, and gave me a more specific answer pertaining to  my panel.

I found this helpful as it gave me more specific meanings of the colors, pertaining to the country I was finding it for, Nigeria.



Who is Fela Kuti and what was he famously known for?

  • Fela Kuti Biography. April 2, 2014.

This article doesn’t have an author listed but was very significant in providing information because it lists very general information about Fela Kuti in specific areas. It gives synopsis, early years, music, personal life, death, etc.

This article was very important in helping me find vital information pertaining to Fela Kuti. I was able to get a basic structure of his life, how he lived, what he  did, etc. It answered most of my question but I was able to find a considerable amount on other sites.


What is Afro beat music and what is Fela Kuti’s contribution?

  • Romer, Megan. Afrobeat 101. November 20, 2017.

This article described what Afro beat  was and the basics of it. It also says that Fela Kuti is the original creator of this genre and tested it with many Pan-African and African American sounds. He used his new found music to bring a political message not only to Nigeria but other neighboring African countries also.

I found this article helpful in describing the basics of Afro beat and informing me of Fela Kuti’s contribution to that genre of music and how he used that to his advantage in combating the government. This will help me better understand the culture and lifestyle represented in his country during the time period of rising popularity in Afro beat music.


What did Fela Kuti fight about in  the Nigerian government?

  • O’Grady, Siobhan. Fela Kuti built his music around a distrust of Nigeria’s elites. Now they’re the audience for the musical about his life. May 22, 2017.

This article wrote about how he used his music as a force to tell society of the corruption and unequal side of the Nigerian government. The police would protect the rich while the poor were mistreated in society. Thus lead to an uprising in the poor and low income community against the rich and government. Fela was arrested more than 200 times and his mother was killed in a police raid.

This article helped me understand the importance of his revolution and also the group of people he stood up against in society.



Andrew Lowry:

What was the gay nightlife and the purpose of it?

  • Sisson, Patrick.How Gay Bars Have Been a Building Block for The LGBTQ Community. June 17, 2016.

This article was about the shooting that happened at a gay bar in New York known as The Stonewall Inn. It then went on to explain that many gay men went into the bars and clubs at night to escape pervasive prejudice and to create a space of their own.

This article helped me identify exactly what night life is like in the gay community and their purpose for going to these clubs and bars. Overall, it gave me a better understanding of why they choose to seclude themselves from the rest of society.


What is art like in the gay community?

  • Prakash.Why do the arts attract gay people? August 19, 2016.

This is a forum but I felt the response Prakash gave seemed reasonable and makes since.  He says that members of the LGBTQ community are attached to art because it is a lonely business and while growing up, many gay people face scrutiny and since they tend to be with themselves a lot they have intricate thoughts. But most importantly, the arts are more accepting to members of the gay community unlike government facilities.

I found this helpful because it seemed like logical reasons why gay people would be interested in the arts.


  • A Brief History of Gay Art and Symbolism.

This is the Resources page on the Revel and Riot web page. It goes through a brief history of homosexuality expressed in art and explains how it was used to support the gay movement. It showed that even as far back as the Greeks that they were content with the sexual attraction to another man and found it quite normal.

I found this helpful because it revealed how the gay community used not only visual art but other forms of art such as dance and music to support their movement and express their emotions.


How was gay clubbing associated with HIV/AIDS?

  • Weinstein, Steve. Why Clubbing Was Crucial For Gay Men During the AIDS Crisis. December 1, 2015.

The author explained their own personal story on dealing with AIDS since the 80s. He also explained the reasoning behind why gay men went to these clubs. They would go to meet people but it seemed as if it also also came with a social status in the gay community. They felt those men in the club were the same as them because they may have gone through similar experiences.

This helped me get a better understanding of the lives of gay men during this time. They looked at other gay men in the club as them and felt like no one understood what they went through but them.


How was/is art associated with HIV/AIDS?

  • Loiseau, Benoit. How A New Generation of Artists Tackles the Realities of HIV/AIDS. April 11, 2018.

This article talked about how artists during the 80s would use art to support the gay movement and fight against the HIV/AIDS epidemic. For example, the silence = death logo and the disappearing candy  memorial. Even the AIDS Quilt was and still is a visual representation to all the lives lost to AIDS. Even though many today think AIDS is not a big issue, a lot of victims go without treatment. So artist such as Kia LaBeija use many forms of art to show the fight for AIDS is still strong.

It helped understand the fight against AIDS is still strong today in the world of art and helps exposes it to society.